Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss was a German mathematician and scientist who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, electrostatics, astronomy and optics.
Gauss was a child prodigy. There are many anecdotes pertaining to his precocity while a toddler, and he made his first ground-breaking mathematical discoveries while still a teenager. He completed Disquisitiones Arithmeticae, his magnum opus, in 1798 at the age of 21, though it was not published until 1801. This work was fundamental in consolidating number theory as a discipline and has shaped the field to the present day.
Things named in honour of Gauss include:
- The CGS unit for magnetic induction was named gauss in his honour.
- The crater Gauss on the Moon
- Asteroid 1001 Gaussia.
- The ship Gauss, used in the Gauss expedition to the Antarctic.
- Gaussberg, an extinct volcano discovered by the above mentioned expedition
- Gauss Tower, an observation tower in Dransfeld, Germany.
- In Canadian junior high schools, an annual national mathematics competition administered by the Centre for Education in Mathematics and Computing is named in honour of Gauss.
- In University of California, Santa Cruz, in Crown College, a dormitory building is named after Gauss.
- The Gauss Haus, an NMR center at the University of Utah.
- The Carl-Friedrich-Gauß School for Mathematics, Computer Science, Business Administration, Economics, and Social Sciences of University of Braunschweig.